Armin Akhavan

City and regional planner, Spatial analyst, and Information design and visualization specialist


Nature Human Behavior

Banks, alternative institutions and the spatial–temporal ecology of racial inequality in US cities

Introduction Racial inequality research finds that the ecology of a city, or the spatial distribution of people and resources across neighborhoods, contributes to unequal life outcomes across communities. Living in a high-poverty and minority neighborhood influences one’s access to resources such as high-quality grocery stores, highly resourced schools, or conventional banks. As access to conventional…

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