Topic

Organizational and Individual Health, Behavior, and Psychology

Much emphasis is placed on unconscious bias, what do we really know about bias and the psychology of racism, and how effective are current interventions? What is the role of health and psychology in racial equity? How can we critically examine social determinants of health and racial trauma and their role in structural racism?

Science

The ecological and evolutionary consequences of systemic racism in urban environments

Introduction Cities are important ecosystems shaped by dynamic and interdependent biological, physical and social influences. However, Schell et al. note that few studies link research on urban ecological and evolutionary studies to that of social inequality. They argue it is integral to integrate these disciplines as human-created systems of power create uneven impacts on non-human…

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Translational Issues in Psychological Science

The Importance of Intersectionality for Research on the Sexual Harassment of Black Queer Women at Work

Introduction The #MeToo movement has sparked a global conversation about sexual harassment, giving researchers a rare opportunity to advance scholarship on a topic of wide public interest. However, most sexual harassment research describes a narrow group of people: white, cisgender, and heterosexual women. The dearth of literature on sexual harassment experienced by Black women, and…

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National Bureau of Economic Research

Persuasion in Medicine: Messaging to Increase Vaccine Demand

Introduction Despite the demonstrated benefits of preventive medicine, only 45% of American adults typically get a flu shot during flu season. Vaccine hesitancy is particularly common among Black and white lower socioeconomic status men, who don’t trust doctors and are skeptical of the benefits relative to the perceived risk. For Black Americans, this mistrust is…

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American Psychologist

Implicit Organizational Bias: Mental Health Treatment Culture and Norms as Barriers to Engaging with Diversity

Introduction BIPOC communities face many structural barriers to accessing mental health care. To reduce this health disparity and better serve multicultural populations, many providers are turning to person-centered care. Person-centered care is intended to improve quality of care by centering the patient’s values, preferences, and goals in collaboratively designed care plans. Although this approach has…

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Children and Youth Services Review

The persistent effect of race and the promise of alternatives to suspension in school discipline outcomes

Introduction School discipline policies and practices disproportionately affect Black students, who are more likely to be suspended or expelled compared to their white peers. Studies have shown that these disciplinary disparities are linked to levels of racial bias, and reflect disproportionate use of such practices on Black students. Black students are then differentially processed for…

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Current Directions in Psychological Science

Making Advantaged Racial Groups Care About Inequality: Intergroup Contact as a Route to Psychological Investment

Introduction Members of advantaged racial groups have historically denied or minimized the existence of racial inequality in the United States and other countries. Existing research has extensively analyzed the incentives and motivations behind why advantaged racial groups resist acknowledging the existence or scale of racial inequality. Some of those motivations include fear of losing privileged…

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Social Science & Medicine

A decade of studying implicit racial/ethnic bias in healthcare providers using the implicit association test

Introduction Existing research indicates that Black, Indigenous, and people of color have worse health outcomes than white people, including incidence, prevalence, severity of disease at diagnosis, rates of mortality, and lower quality of care, despite efforts to close these gaps. The health disparity gap begins at birth and persists throughout one’s life course. Though these…

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PNAS

Physician-patient racial concordance and disparities in birthing mortality for newborns

Introduction Prior research has documented that sharing demographic characteristics increases a sense of understanding or empathy between two people. This in-group bias has been found to influence the decisions made by leadership teams, inspection enforcers, teachers, and judges to favor those with shared racial or gender traits (further exasperated by white racial power). Greenwood, Hardeman,…

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Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

Consequences of attributing discrimination to implicit vs. explicit bias

Introduction As recent as 2015, implicit bias has dominated our national conversation around racism and discrimination. It’s been said, ​for example​, that implicit bias is what led officer Betty Shelby to shoot Terrance Crutcher, an unarmed Black man, in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 2016. When less lethal acts of discrimination occur in schools and in the workplace,…

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Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

A Meta-Analysis of Procedures to Change Implicit Measures

Introduction Often, our intentions conflict with how we behave. These gaps between our intentions and actions can influence many social issues, including discrimination. For example, an organization may espouse racial equity but hire a white candidate over an equally qualified candidate of color. In response to disparities caused by unintentionally biased behavior, some researchers have…

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