How to Guide

What not to do, what we know doesn’t work

Research on racial equity and antiracist institutional practice is emerging and continues to help inform the field. What conclusions can be drawn about what are effective or ineffective approaches?

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General

Reducing Implicit Racial Preferences: II. Intervention Effectiveness Across Time

Introduction Recent research on implicit social cognition suggests that implicit associations may be malleable to change. However, the majority of studies on modifying implicit associations only evaluate short term results, with only 3.7% of these 585 studies attempting to look at longer-term change. Of these 22 studies, roughly the same number of publications showed lasting…

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Work, Employment and Society

Pointless Diversity Training: Unconscious Bias, New Racism and Agency

Introduction Unconscious bias training is based on the methodology in social psychology that an individual’s response time when presented with 2 images reveals how closely the viewer unconsciously connects the two. By using two sets of images — one of people with different racial/ethic backgrounds and one of negative or positive attributes, prior researchers have…

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Annual Review of Psychology

Prejudice Reduction: What Works? A Review and Assessment of Research and Practice

Introduction In psychological research, prejudice and discrimination dominate as key areas of research. This should come as no surprise considering the sheer amount of resources spent by policymakers and educators alike to reduce prejudice. Since the first attempts to measure prejudice in the mid-1920s, social scientists have tried to understand the nature and origins of…

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Academy of Management Learning and Education

Common Goals and Golden Opportunities: Evaluations of Diversity Education in Academic and Organizational Settings

Introduction In this paper, Dr. Carol T. Kulik and Dr. Loriann Roberson investigate the effects of diversity education interventions across different learning outcomes and contexts. In conducting their literature review, Kulik and Roberson aimed to answer two questions: Does diversity education affect participant diversity knowledge, diversity attitudes, and diversity skills? Do these effects vary by…

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Harvard Business Review

Why Diversity Programs Fail

Introduction Corporations around the world have recognized the importance of diversity and inclusion in the workforce. A diverse workforce not only strengthens productivity, creativity, employee engagement, and profits, but also helps maintain company reputation. In this article, Frank Dobbin and Alexandra Kalev examine why traditional diversity programs are not successful in increasing equality and diversity…

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Dismantling Racism Works (dRworks)

White Supremacy Culture

Introduction In this practitioner’s guide, Dr. Tema Okun outlines how white supremacy can appear and operate in organizations. Defined by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as beliefs and systems that “collectively enable white people to maintain power over people of other races,” white supremacy can show up in organizations in subtle ways. Whether through individual behaviors, group…

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Anthropology Now

Why Doesn’t Diversity Training Work? The Challenge for Industry and Academia

Introduction Corporations and higher education institutions have been offering diversity training for decades. Yet countless studies dating back to the 1930s indicate that anti-bias training does not reduce bias, alter behavior, or improve the workplace. Despite these shortfalls, organizations continue to rely on diversity training due to concerns relating to optics, litigation, and perceived lack…

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