How to Guide

Bias: what is it and how do we unlearn it?

Bias, prejudice, stereotypes: we all have them. We are all socialized and conditioned within a US culture built on systemic oppression. But, what can we do about our biases? These articles present field-tested solutions that address bias head-on.

Science

Dissecting racial bias in an algorithm used to manage the health of populations

Introduction Obermeyer et al. note both the growing attention to potential racial and gender biases within algorithms and the difficulty of obtaining access to real world algorithms – including the raw data used to design and train them – in order to understand how and why bias could appear in them. This study is important…

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American Psychologist

Implicit Organizational Bias: Mental Health Treatment Culture and Norms as Barriers to Engaging with Diversity

Introduction BIPOC communities face many structural barriers to accessing mental health care. To reduce this health disparity and better serve multicultural populations, many providers are turning to person-centered care. Person-centered care is intended to improve quality of care by centering the patient’s values, preferences, and goals in collaboratively designed care plans. Although this approach has…

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Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

Consequences of attributing discrimination to implicit vs. explicit bias

Introduction As recent as 2015, implicit bias has dominated our national conversation around racism and discrimination. It’s been said, ​for example​, that implicit bias is what led officer Betty Shelby to shoot Terrance Crutcher, an unarmed Black man, in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 2016. When less lethal acts of discrimination occur in schools and in the workplace,…

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Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

Long-term reduction implicit race bias: A prejudice habit-breaking intervention

Introduction “Implicit bias is like the smog that hangs over a community,” ​Hidden Brain​ podcast host Shankar Vedantam said on an episode about implicit racial bias. “It becomes the air people breathe.” Indeed, like air, implicit racial bias and discrimination is everywhere, and has been linked to poorer health and success outcomes for historically marginalized groups. To…

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Story at Scale

What Are We Up Against? An Intersectional Examination of Stereotypes Associated with Gender

Introduction Organizations, companies, and public sector institutions are increasingly concerned with gender equity. From national and municipal gender budgeting to corporate gender equality tracking, these and other worldwide efforts are trying to answer a central question: How can we treat people of all genders fairly and provide equitable opportunities and outcomes for everyone? This vision,…

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Annual Review of Psychology

Prejudice Reduction: What Works? A Review and Assessment of Research and Practice

Introduction In psychological research, prejudice and discrimination dominate as key areas of research. This should come as no surprise considering the sheer amount of resources spent by policymakers and educators alike to reduce prejudice. Since the first attempts to measure prejudice in the mid-1920s, social scientists have tried to understand the nature and origins of…

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Journal of Experimental Psychology: General

Reducing Implicit Racial Preferences: II. Intervention Effectiveness Across Time

Introduction Recent research on implicit social cognition suggests that implicit associations may be malleable to change. However, the majority of studies on modifying implicit associations only evaluate short term results, with only 3.7% of these 585 studies attempting to look at longer-term change. Of these 22 studies, roughly the same number of publications showed lasting…

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